New content was added to the bond order calculator page discussed at
and available at
New content was added to the bond order calculator page discussed at
and available at
If you are a chemist, PhD, or student looking for tools in said discipline, you may want to check the City College Chemistry Web Resource Guide, part of the City College of New York Libraries at CUNY. This is an excellent repository of chemistry resources.
This fall, the college redesigned the site so the web address of the computational chemistry section is now https://library.ccny.cuny.edu/chemistry/computational
Happy to know that two of our chemistry tools are still listed there:
The Bond Order Calculator — http://www.minerazzi.com/tools/bond-order/calculator.php Computes bond orders of diatomic species and their ions having up to 20 electrons, including number of bonding and anti-bonding electrons, without using Molecular Orbital Theory (MOT).
The Hydrocarbons Parser http://www.minerazzi.com/tools/hydrocarbons/parser.php — Calculates boiling points and indicates sigma, pi, single, double, and triple bonds for hydrocarbons, again without using MOT.
I wish that more universities follow in the steps of CUNY and be willing to put together similar repositories, I mean computational chemistry tools, for the benefit of their students and faculties.
This bond order tool calculates bond orders of diatomic species with up to 20 electrons, without using Molecular Orbital Theory! It is available at
We developed the tool inspired in Dr. Arijit Das set of innovative and time economic formulae for chemical education. His methodologies are suitable for computer-based learning (CBL) activities or for writing computer programs for solving chemistry problems.
Unlike with other bond order calculator tools, to use ours you don’t need to write Lewis structures, and electron configurations, or count electrons, bonds, orbitals, and atoms. Just enter a chemical formula and the tool will do the rest for you.
In my opinion, students who know how to write programs for solving chemistry problems have an edge when taking quantitative courses like analytical chemistry, instrumental analysis, chemometrics, computational chemistry, and similar courses. I think they are better prepared for multidisciplinary research work than those who cannot code.
Developing this tool was really gratifying as the work inspired us to derive an algorithm for predicting number of unpaired electrons and magnetic properties of single atoms, diatomic species, and their ions. Hopefully, this algorithm will be available early next year in the form of a new chemistry calculator.
We are also developing a tool that computes bond orders of all kind of species, including the polyatomic cases.
We are sincerely in debt to Dr. Arijit Das from Ramthakur College, Agartala, West Tripura, India for encouraging us to develop this tool for educators, scholars, and chemistry students.
This tool, as our Hydrocarbons Parser (http://www.minerazzi.com/tools/hydrocarbons/parser.php) is listed in the City College Chemistry Web Resources Guide at CUNY. Find them both in the guide Computational Chemistry category (https://library.ccny.cuny.edu/chemistry/computational)
Hybrid Similarity Search (HSS) Algorithm for Chemistry Searching for Fentanyl-related compounds and other drugs.
Free version: https://www.mswil.com/images/NIST/NIST17/GCMS-Hybrid-Search-AnalChem-2017.pdf
This is a news from NIST back in March (https://www.nist.gov/news-events/news/2018/03/free-software-can-help-spot-new-forms-fentanyl-and-other-illegal-drugs ) and found with the NIST RSS channel of the Chemical Substances Miner http://www.minerazzi.com/chemsubstances/spp.php
It is a nice example of Information Retrieval applied to Chemistry. They used a modified cosine similarity function. I see possible applications to topic analysis.
Anal. Chem., 2017, 89 (24), pp 13261–13268 DOI: 10.1021/acs.analchem.7b03320
“A mass spectral library search algorithm that identifies compounds that differ from library compounds by a single “inert” structural component is described. This algorithm, the Hybrid Similarity Search, generates a similarity score based on matching both fragment ions and neutral losses. It employs the parameter DeltaMass, defined as the mass difference between query and library compounds, to shift neutral loss peaks in the library spectrum to match corresponding neutral loss peaks in the query spectrum. When the spectra being compared differ by a single structural feature, these matching neutral loss peaks should contain that structural feature. This method extends the scope of the library to include spectra of “nearest-neighbor” compounds that differ from library compounds by a single chemical moiety. Additionally, determination of the structural origin of the shifted peaks can aid in the determination of the chemical structure and fragmentation mechanism of the query compound. A variety of examples are presented, including the identification of designer drugs and chemical derivatives not present in the library.”
This is a new tool, available now at
The tool replaces a previous one (removed from the web) where only simple acid-base solutions were considered.
The current one is not limited to the analysis of one solution or to acid-base titrations. Actually the tool also supports pH calculations of systems not undergoing titrations.
This is a great tool for real world applications like pH calculations from natural acid-base systems where a sample might consist of multiple acids mixed with several bases and/or their salts.
Examples of such systems are bio-samples (blood, saliva…) as well as geo-samples (sea and river water) and urban samples (sewage, wastewater,..).
This new tool is based on a general equation for acid-base systems that is solved using a residual analysis algorithm, avoiding the need for using inversion techniques, successive approximations, Newton-Raphson method, or the evaluation of derivatives or high-degree polynomials.
This is a new tool available at
If you are into chemical data mining, this post might interest you.
This new Minerazzi tool easily solves activity coefficient models for a missing term.
Thus the tool allows you to cross-map activity coefficients to ionic strengths and vice versa using the following models:
Debye-Hückel Limiting Law
Debye-Hückel Extended Limiting Law
The tool , written in PHP, was inspired in the WATEQF program originally written in FORTRAN (https://www.nrc.gov/docs/ML0331/ML033170395.pdf).
Recent versions of that program are available for download from the U.S. Geological Survey site at https://wwwbrr.cr.usgs.gov/projects/GWC_chemtherm/software.htm
Chemistry researchers, teachers and students can benefit from this tool, which is part of an ongoing effort of making available online scientific research tools across different disciplines.
04-05-2017 Update: Additional content and literature references added.
Recent available tools relevant to physiology and chemistry, with some interesting exercises.
Body Mass Index (BMI)
Corpulence Index (CI)
Cell Electrode Potentials
Standard Electrode Potentials
This is a cross-mapping tool for the analysis and manipulation of scientific data in an interactive fashion. Its design pattern will be used to build new upcoming tools across several and dissimilar disciplines.
The tool is available at
The tool easily solves the Standard Electrode Potential equation for a missing term. That is, given all but one of the experimental terms, the tool solves for the missing one.
There is no doubt that cross-mapping variables from a single tool set up is more engaging than single-mapping them: A great instructive tool for students and teachers alike.
The Reagent Solutions Maker is a new tool available now in the Tools section of Minerazzi at
The tool is not really relevant to information retrieval, but the algorithm that runs behind it describes a useful pattern applicable to many fields and disciplines, including IR.
Anyway, the tool is aimed at solving the following problem.
An undiluted reagent solution is typically prepared by dissolving an amount of solid reagent in a solvent, usually water. Additional solvent is then added to bring the solution up to a specific volume.
With the reagent formula weight the solution concentration can be expressed in moles per liter, after proper unit conversions. A set of undiluted solutions at specific concentration intervals can be prepared in this way, but the calculations can be tedious. This tool was developed to simplify all these calculations.
The tool computes the amount of solid reagent needed to prepare n number of undiluted solutions at specific concentration intervals, ∆C, and up to a maximum concentration level, C, and volume, V, where C > ∆C > 0.
Notice that the set of solutions to be prepared, n, is not known in advance.
This is a new miner available at
Find elements, compounds, ions, and alloys by names, symbols, formulas, & uses. Find information about elements of the Periodic Table. Includes NIST data.
We want to take this opportunity to mention of the following updates:
Hundreds of new records pointing to NIST chemical databases have been added to the Chemical Databases miner available at
Hundreds of new records pointing to Spanish exams have been added to the Chemistry Exams miner available at
However, many. (though not all) of these spanish records are pdf files from Spain with no index keywords, so to find them just query the name of the country or a given region. I know, this is a bit odd. You may also try searching for something like química, exámen and so forth with(out) punctuation.
In addition, more records have been added to the following chemistry miners:
As Chemistry is a broad topic, expect additional updates to the above or new miners. Who knows? We may eventually need to place them all in a separate host.
Have a great chemistry day! 🙂