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A mnemonic for easily recalling the unicode entities of vowels with grave accents, acute accents, and circumflexes is available at

Click to access unicode-mnemonic.pdf

We developed the mnemonic after some work on mining the unicode system. It might come handy for those that need to encode said vowels without looking at reference books, tables,… It is also a great example for those teaching mnemonics.

For those interested, we have a tool for exploring unicode entities at


Update: I found a typo in the “o” lower case circumflex and also an error in the 194 entity. Fixed both. Sorry.